The “One Size Does Not Fit All” Podcast Series

Find out below an article by the Centre for Cultural Diversity in Ageing which is funded by the Australian Department of Health under the Partners in Culturally Appropriate Care (PICAC) program. The Centre provides expertise in culturally inclusive policy and practices for the aged services sector, while supporting aged care providers to address the needs of older people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds For more information visit

By Biljana Grbevska

Project Administration Officer, Centre for Cultural Diversity in Ageing

 The “One Size Does Not Fit All” Podcast Series

The “One size does not fit all” podcast series of the Centre for Cultural Diversity in Ageing aims to promote discussions around diversity in aged care and focuses on supporting the needs of culturally and linguistically diverse seniors, their families and carers.

The podcast shares the insights of aged care sector experts and industry leaders, provides practical advice around diversity and inclusion and features stories to inspire and promote good practice. The guests who were interviewed on the podcast have significant expertise in aged care, diversity and leadership.

The first season started in 2022 with four episodes which are available to download on Spotify, Apple and Google as well as on the Centre’s website.

In 2023 the Centre has launched the second season.

These are some of the topics and guest speakers that were featured in Season Two:

Episode 1: Writing and authoring migration stories

In this episode you will hear from Lella Cariddi, who curated many migration stories which have significantly contributed to Victoria’s cultural and historic diversity. These stories earned her a 2022 Community History Award for Oral History. She has also worked closely with Multicultural Arts Victoria and various other organisations for which she has been awarded a Medal of the Order of Australia.

You will also hear from Con Pagonis, who has worked for thirty years with the Australian Government mainly in migration and multicultural affairs and spent another eight years as a Multicultural Policy Adviser with State and Local Governments in Victoria. He has also volunteered for many years at Ethnic Communities’​Council of Victoria.

Lella and Con discuss their family’s journey of migration, the importance of older people’s voices being heard and share tips on how to write your own migrant story.

Episode 2: Voices of senior leaders from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds

In this episode you will hear more about issues and experiences of older people from culturally diverse backgrounds shared by two senior leaders who actively participate in shaping the Australian aged care sector.

Dr Santosh Kumar who is the Treasurer of The Northern Federation of Ethnic Senior Citizens Clubs and is a well-travelled former RMIT Professor who has been very active in the community.

Danijela Hlis is a published writer, bicultural social support worker and bilingual Diversional Therapist, who has been working with and advocating for elders and seniors from First Nations people and people from culturally and linguistically diverse background for the past 25 years. 

Episode 3: Places of belonging and connections for seniors from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds

In this episode, we’re speaking with Frank DiBlasi and Phil Peladarinos.

Frank Di Blasi is a senior leader from the Italian community in Melbourne. He is originally from Vizzini in the province of Catania, Sicily, but has called Melbourne home for the past 60 years. Frank has a very long list of achievements that emphasise his commitment to his local community, as well as his Italian heritage and culture.

Phil Peladarinos is the Team Leader – Care Management at Merri Health. Phil was born and raised in Greece and relocated to Australia in the mid-80s. Phil has a background in Aged Care, Mental Health, Local Government and Tertiary Education with almost 35 years’ experience in working with culturally diverse communities.

You will hear about their involvement with community groups run by seniors from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds and finding a sense of belonging.

The Centre for Cultural Diversity in Ageing acknowledges the contributions of the podcast interviewees for their significant work to advance culturally inclusive care.

The Centre for Cultural Diversity in Ageing is currently in the process of creating more podcast episodes. For more information about the “One does not fit all” podcast series and to access the current episodes, visit our website on:

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Reflections About Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) in the Health Sector

PEAH is pleased to revive insightful, still valid reflections already published by professor Raymond Saner regarding Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) in the Health sector

By Raymond Saner, Ph.D.

Professor Titular University of Basle, Switzerland 

Director, Centre for Socio-Eco-Nomic Development-CSEND

Geneva, Switzerland

Accredited by ECOSOC since June 2014 Special Consultative Status to the United Nations

Reflections About Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) in the Health Sector


Sadly, a sense of fustration is inevitable when considering all conflicting resolutions and moves laid down in the global health arena, with the result that public health interest almost regularly succumbs to the interest of the powerful.

Pessimism includes reservations at least (if not negative judgment) on the impact of the so-called public-private partnerships (PPPs), wherein … communities had been ignored, displaced, and had their basic rights violated by thoughtless projects designed and implemented in the pursuit of profit…Market-based models cannot be relied upon to deliver on human rights or the fight against inequalities as they are accountable only to their shareholders and not to their users. 

In this connection, PEAH is pleased to give readers links to far reaching  reflections, already published elsewhere, by professor Raymond Saner regarding Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) in the Health sector.

 As the Author firmly maintains along these  ….The SDGs suggest the achievement of sustainable economic, social, and environmental goals (triple bottom line) for each member country of the United Nations. To implement the SDGs, each government is supposed to set its triple bottom line goals, communicate them to their citizens, make the goal setting inclusive and participatory, and provide for means to review and monitor the implementation of the SDGs from 2015 to 2030. The UNECE PPP standard setting process is too crucial for the future of our societies to be left to private sector providers (construction companies, financial brokers) and government offices often short of democratic legitimacy. Without the inclusion of the civil society actors like consumer groups, cooperatives, labor unions, academic scholars, and teaching faculty, the risk of misguided investment decisions and related rent- seeking behavior by private and public sector actors is too high to be left to experts alone, however competent they might be. What is needed is a PPP Observatory which could add information on PPPs that are often missing or not fully reliable. Such a PPP Observatory could support UNECE and other international organizations but also governments and civil society stake holders involved in PPPs. A PPP Observatory could help the PPP-SDG process stay on course and ensure that the implementation of PPPs is aligned with SDG principles such as inclusiveness, participation, and transparency….

In light of the positive development published on 13 June by the EU Commission, these reflections are still valid and this comes as no surprise also based on professor Saner three year experience as a member of the PPP Bureau of UNECE (United Nation’s Economic Commission of Europe), while CSEND serving as an observer of the UN Inter-Agency Task Force on Social and Solidarity Economy (UNTFSSE) for several years now. 

Find the relevant links below:


Thanks for contributing answers and suggestions to the points raised above


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The Positive Impact of Artificial Intelligence in Future Pandemics

This article explores the potential of artificial intelligence (AI) to mitigate and prevent future pandemics. Through a comprehensive analysis of current AI applications in the field of health, the unique capabilities of this technology to address pandemic challenges are highlighted. AI can improve early disease detection through the analysis of large volumes of data, enabling more effective epidemiological surveillance. Additionally, AI models can predict disease spread and assist experts in making informed decisions regarding control measures. AI also plays a crucial role in the development of vaccines and drugs, accelerating the discovery and optimization process. Furthermore, AI can support remote healthcare by facilitating telemedicine and real-time patient monitoring. While there are ethical and privacy challenges associated with the use of AI, it is evident that this technology can play a fundamental role in preparing for and responding to future pandemics, significantly improving global health and societal well-being 

By Nicolás Castillo

Biochemical, Sanatorio Santa Clara de Saguier, Santa Fe, Argentina


The Positive Impact of Artificial Intelligence in Future Pandemics



Pandemics pose one of the greatest threats to global health and socio-economic stability. As the world grapples with the reality of future public health crises, it is crucial to explore how emerging technologies can play a transformative role in their prevention and mitigation. In this context, artificial intelligence (AI) has emerged as a promising tool that can have a significant positive impact on future pandemics.

AI, an interdisciplinary field seeking to develop systems capable of mimicking human intelligent behavior, has experienced rapid advancements in recent decades. Its ability to analyze vast amounts of data, detect hidden patterns, and generate actionable insights makes it a powerful ally in the fight against large-scale infectious diseases. In this scientific article, we will explore how AI can address key challenges in managing future pandemics and enhance the resilience of societies in the face of these crises.

Throughout the article, we will examine the various ways in which AI can positively influence each stage of a pandemic, from early detection and monitoring of disease spread to the accelerated development of vaccines and medicines.

We will also analyze how AI can facilitate remote healthcare and telemedicine, enabling a more agile and efficient response in times of health crisis.

However, we acknowledge that the use of AI in the context of pandemics also raises ethical, legal, and privacy challenges. These aspects will be addressed throughout the article, emphasizing the importance of a balanced approach that ensures the protection of individual rights and transparency in the use of AI algorithms.

This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the positive impact that artificial intelligence can have on future pandemics. By exploring the various applications of AI in the field of public health, we hope to lay a solid foundation for the development of effective and sustainable strategies that enable a more efficient and proactive response to forthcoming pandemic challenges.


Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to generate a highly positive impact on the management of future pandemics. As the world faces increasingly complex challenges in the field of public health, the application of AI in the context of infectious diseases has emerged as a promising and powerful solution. In this article, we will delve deeply into how AI can influence various crucial aspects of pandemic management and enhance the global response to similar events in the future.

One of the first areas where AI can make a difference is early outbreak detection. The ability to quickly identify the emergence of an outbreak is critical in controlling the spread of infectious diseases. This is where AI can play a key role by analyzing large volumes of real-time data, such as medical records, epidemiological reports, social media, and surveillance data. Through advanced algorithms, AI can identify patterns and signals indicating the onset of an outbreak, enabling healthcare professionals and decision-makers to take preventive and containment measures swiftly and timely.

Another area where AI can have a significant impact is in the diagnosis and prognosis of infectious diseases. Machine learning systems and neural networks can analyze a wide variety of clinical data, laboratory data, medical imaging, and genomic data to assist in the accurate identification of infections and the assessment of disease severity. This translates into faster and more precise case detection, facilitating the implementation of appropriate treatment measures and early identification of at-risk groups, thus contributing to better management of healthcare resources.

Efficient management of healthcare resources is another critical aspect in pandemic response, and here is where AI can be of great assistance. AI-based predictive models can estimate future demand and optimize resource allocation, ensuring that medical supplies such as personal protective equipment, medications, and vaccines are available in the areas most in need. This is particularly relevant in situations where resources are scarce and difficult decisions need to be made regarding their equitable distribution.

Telemedicine and remote healthcare also benefit from the use of AI during pandemics. AI systems can conduct virtual triaging, assess symptoms, and provide appropriate healthcare recommendations.

This not only helps reduce the spread of diseases by minimizing unnecessary physical contacts but also ensures faster and more convenient access to healthcare for those in need, especially in situations where social distancing is crucial.

Addressing the ethical and regulatory challenges associated with the use of AI in pandemics is crucial. Privacy and data security must be paramount considerations, and clear protocols must be established to ensure proper and secure handling of information. Furthermore, equity in access to healthcare and transparency of the algorithms used are key aspects that must be addressed to avoid biases and ensure a fair and responsible implementation of AI in pandemic management.

In summary, artificial intelligence has transformative potential in how we approach future pandemics. From early outbreak detection to accurate diagnosis, efficient resource management, and remote healthcare, AI offers innovative solutions that can significantly improve our capacity to respond to health crisis situations. However, it is important to address the associated ethical and regulatory challenges and work collaboratively to ensure that the implementation of AI is done fairly, safely, and equitably, thereby maximizing its benefits in the fight against pandemics.


Artificial intelligence (AI) presents great potential to positively impact future pandemics by offering tools and capabilities that can strengthen the response and mitigation of these health crises. Throughout this article, we have explored various applications of AI in the field of public health and how they can address key challenges at each stage of a pandemic. However, it is important to recognize both the strengths and limitations of AI in this context, as well as the ethical challenges and additional considerations that arise.

One of the main strengths of AI lies in its ability to process and analyze large volumes of data quickly and efficiently. This is invaluable in early disease detection and epidemiological surveillance, as it allows for the timely identification of outbreaks and patterns of spread. Additionally, AI models can assist healthcare experts in making informed decisions about control and prevention measures by predicting disease spread and evaluating different scenarios.

AI has also demonstrated its value in the accelerated development of vaccines and medications during pandemics. By analyzing genetic, molecular, and clinical data, AI algorithms can identify potential therapeutic targets and design molecules with desirable pharmacological properties. This can significantly reduce the time required for the discovery and optimization of treatments, thereby expediting the response to a new infectious disease.

Furthermore, AI facilitates remote healthcare and telemedicine, two fundamental approaches to reduce virus transmission during a pandemic. AI-driven chatbots and virtual assistants can provide initial medical guidance and conduct triage, alleviating the burden on healthcare services. Additionally, IoT (Internet of Things) devices and AI algorithms can monitor patients in real-time, enabling early detection of complications and more precise and personalized care.

However, despite the advances and benefits that AI brings to the fight against pandemics, ethical challenges and additional considerations also arise that must be addressed responsibly. The privacy of patient data is a critical aspect that requires appropriate safeguards to ensure confidentiality and informed consent. Additionally, equity in access to AI-driven healthcare should be considered to avoid exacerbating existing health inequalities. It is crucial to ensure transparency in the algorithms used so that automated decision-making processes can be understood and audited.

In conclusion, artificial intelligence has the potential to generate a significant positive impact on future pandemics by enhancing early detection, response, and healthcare. The ability of AI to analyze large volumes of data, accelerate treatment development, and facilitate remote healthcare are key aspects that can strengthen our pandemic response. However, it is essential to address ethical challenges and ensure responsible implementation to maximize the benefits of AI while upholding privacy, equity, and transparency.


In this article, we have explored how artificial intelligence (AI) can have a positive impact on future pandemics by addressing key challenges at various stages of a health crisis. The ability of AI to detect diseases early, perform epidemiological surveillance, accelerate the development of vaccines and medications, and facilitate remote healthcare has proven invaluable in pandemic response and mitigation.

AI has demonstrated its powerful ability to analyze large volumes of data and uncover hidden patterns, enabling early outbreak detection and swift response. AI models have also proven effective in predicting disease spread, providing valuable insights for decision-making by public health experts.

In vaccine and medication development, AI has expedited the discovery and optimization process by identifying therapeutic targets and designing molecules with desirable pharmacological properties. This has been particularly relevant in the context of pandemics, where the speed of treatment development is crucial in saving lives and controlling disease spread.

Furthermore, AI has facilitated remote healthcare and telemedicine, enabling the safe and efficient delivery of healthcare services during a pandemic. AI-driven chatbots and virtual assistants have provided initial medical guidance and conducted triage, alleviating the burden on healthcare systems. Real-time patient monitoring has also been made possible through AI, enhancing early detection of complications and enabling more precise and personalized care.

However, it is important to recognize that the use of AI in the context of pandemics presents ethical challenges and additional considerations. Privacy of patient data, equity in access to AI-driven healthcare, and transparency in the algorithms used are crucial aspects that must be responsibly addressed.

The artificial intelligence has the potential to play a pivotal role in future pandemics, significantly improving early detection, response, and healthcare. Harnessing the capabilities of AI ethically and responsibly, while ensuring the protection of individual rights and equitable access, will enable us to more effectively and resiliently confront the challenges that pandemics pose to global health and societal well-being.


Bibliographic Citations

  1. “Artificial intelligence for global health” – Lancet Digital Health, 2019 Autores: Alvin Rajkomar, Eyal Oren, Kai Chen, Andrew M. Dai, Nissan Hajaj, Peter J. Liu, Jeffrey M. Louie, Samuel Marcus, Margaret A. Marklund, Andrew J. S. Moon, Matthieu Komorowski, Arnaub K. Chatterjee, Timothy Matthiesen, Jacob C. Steinhardt, Michael D. Kohane
  1. “Artificial Intelligence in Pandemic Response: A Scoping Review” – Journal of Medical Internet Research, 2020 Autores: Fatima Nayeem, Hasib Zunair, Atia Haq, Muhammad Fahim, Tariq Saeed, Amrita Saha
  2. “Artificial Intelligence and COVID-19: A Multifaceted Approach” – IEEE Open Journal of Engineering in Medicine and Biology, 2020 Autores: Iman Keivanloo, Sima Ajami, Nima Rezaei
  3. “Deep Learning for Medical Image Analysis: A Comprehensive Review” – Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, 2018 Autores: Le Lu, Yiqiang Zhan, Zhiyong Lu
  4. “Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Battling Against COVID-19: A Literature Review” – IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, 2021 Autores: Zeeshan Ahmed, Muhammad Umer Shafique, Ishtiaq Ali, Hammad Majeed, Zahid Mehmood, Anam Tariq, Saeed Anwar, Syed Ismail Shah


Conflict of interests: The Author declares that there is no conflict of interest with this manuscript.

Thanks: To my family, fundamental support always and fundamentally in the pandemic, to the support of the Santa Clara Sanatorium, and the communes of Santa Clara de Saguier, Comuna de Esmeralda, and Comuna de Zenón Pereyra that supported the Santa Clara Laboratory during the pandemic and through the rapid diagnoses we were able to give a concrete response to public health.

By the same author on PEAH

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Making Billions for Billions: Unleashing the Power of Social Entrepreneurship

Social entrepreneurship represents a powerful paradigm shift in the world of business. It demonstrates that profits and social impact can coexist, and that success can be measured not just by financial gains, but by the positive change created. 

By aligning our passion and skills with a greater purpose, we can create a future where becoming billionaires means not just accumulating wealth but also positively impacting billions of lives

By Dr. Sumedha Kushwaha, Chief Executive Officer and Founder

Mr. Sameer Naik, Chief Technology Officer and co-Founder

 Global Initiative for Public Health & Innovation – GIPHI

  Making Billions for Billions

Unleashing the Power of Social Entrepreneurship


What if we told you that businesses are not just about making a fortune, but also about making a positive impact on the lives of billions of people? Welcome to the world of social entrepreneurship, where technology meets compassion, and profits align with purpose. In this article, we delve into the fascinating realm of social entrepreneurship and explore how pioneers like Dr. Sumedha Kushwaha and Mr. Sameer Naik are changing the game, making a difference, and building successful businesses along the way.


Social Entrepreneurship: The Marriage of Purpose and Profit

Social entrepreneurship harnesses the power of business to address pressing social and environmental challenges. It goes beyond traditional philanthropy by implementing sustainable models that create lasting impact. These visionary entrepreneurs, Dr. Sumedha and Mr. Sameer, strive to make a positive change while also ensuring profitability. By blending purpose with profit, they revolutionize industries and inspire a new generation of business leaders.

The Rise of Social Enterprises

At the heart of social entrepreneurship lies the social enterprise. Their organizations are driven by a mission to address specific societal needs. They utilize innovative approaches and leverage market forces to achieve their objectives. From education and healthcare to sustainable energy and poverty alleviation, social enterprises cover a wide spectrum of sectors, each aiming to create meaningful change in the world.

The Four Pillars of Social Entrepreneurship

Dr. Sumedha and Mr. Sameer describes the core of successful social entrepreneurship as four pillars that drive their endeavors: agile implementation, lean models, technology, and change management. Let’s delve into each of these pillars to understand how they contribute to the transformative impact.

Agile Implementation: Social entrepreneurs are masters of adaptability. They embrace agility and respond swiftly to changing circumstances. By adopting a flexible mindset, they can iterate their ideas, learn from failures, and quickly pivot to more effective strategies. This nimbleness enables them to stay ahead of the curve and maximize their positive influence.

Lean Models: The lean approach is a fundamental principle in social entrepreneurship. They have optimized their operations, enabling them to achieve more with fewer resources. This approach allows them to allocate their limited resources where they matter the most, amplifying the social impact they create.

Technology: Technological advancements have become a catalyst for social entrepreneurship. From mobile apps and online platforms to data analytics and artificial intelligence, technology empowers them to scale their impact exponentially. It enables them to reach remote communities, facilitate access to vital services, and create innovative solutions to complex problems.

Change Management: Effecting meaningful change requires strong leadership and effective change management. Dr. Sumedha and Mr. Sameer excel at inspiring and mobilizing diverse stakeholders, including governments, nonprofits, and the private sector. They navigate complexities, build collaborations, and drive collective action towards shared goals.


Social entrepreneurship represents a powerful paradigm shift in the world of business. It demonstrates that profits and social impact can coexist, and that success can be measured not just by financial gains, but by the positive change created. Dr. Sumedha Kushwaha and Mr. Sameer Naik epitomizes this spirit of social entrepreneurship, as they have embarked on a mission to transform lives using technology. Their stories inspire us to believe that we can all be catalysts for change. By aligning our passion and skills with a greater purpose, we can create a future where becoming billionaires means not just accumulating wealth but also positively impacting billions of lives.




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June 2023 – July 2023: WHO intensifies negotiations on the pandemic treaty and the amendments to the International Health Regulations

Resource Allocation Framework for Pandemic Risk and Surveillance: Version 1.0

Covid-19: WHO treaty on future pandemics is being watered down, warn health leaders

Lessons for a Pandemic

Pandemics start and end in communities: Why civil society participation in the governance of the Pandemic Accord is critical

Tight Deadline to Respond to ‘Zero Draft’ of UN Political Declaration on Pandemics Ahead of September Meeting

EMA and ECDC statement on updating COVID-19 vaccines to target new SARS-CoV-2 virus variants

In Sub-Saharan Africa, nearly 30% of young children may be affected by malaria

Rectal artesunate for severe malaria, implementation research, Zambia

Generation game: gene-edited mosquitos to fight malaria

How ignoring trans populations is hampering Africa’s fight against HIV

Date with history: How America discovered – and ignored – Aids

Supply-chain factors and antimicrobial stewardship

Driving access to cancer treatments: Gertrude’s story

Breaking barriers and building bridges: reimagining a feminist health workforce

Uganda’s anti-gay law sparks global concerns

People’s Health Dispatch Bulletin #51: Global health at the crossroads of corporate interests and solidarity

Why low-income nations are ‘cracking’ under debt pressure

What We Learned Implementing an Adaptive Program to Support Refugees

West African Nations Unite to Tackle Food Crisis, Soil Health

Basic energy access lags amid renewable opportunities, new report shows

Climate crisis: rich nations undermining work to help poor countries, research suggests

UN delegates agree to produce draft treaty to end global plastic pollution

Reducing the eco-footprint of the pharmaceutical industry in Germany and elsewhere

Slow Transition to Clean Energy Puts Billions at Risk of Household Air Pollution

Strategic Litigation and Social Mobilisation: Part of Public Health’s Advocacy Toolbox to Address the Climate Crisis  by David Patterson

Guess Who Is the Worst Enemy of the Oceans (And Everywhere Else)?









Earth Future: Time for a Global ‘Reset’!


As we face unprecedented existential threats, including humanitarian crises currently affecting over 800 million people, cultivating an active care for a world at risk is an absolute priority, starting with a United Nations-University Community Global Forum to reconsider our future directions and options
Find the  IMPAKTER Editors’ preface below:


‘Following two previous Impakter articles, Planet Earth: Averting a Point of No Return and Planet Resilience: The Choice is Ours, author Dr. George Lueddeke now completes the trilogy with this article, a heartfelt call for a global reset. Reinforcing major threats facing the planet, he highlights the latest results of World Happiness reports and discusses the causes and consequences of system failure across the globe – drawing particular attention to the International Rescue Committee’s Watchlist reports and growing politically-driven humanitarian crises involving over 800 million people.

A key stumbling block to preventing and mitigating these and other potential tragedies is the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) which allows any one of the five members – Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States in place since 1946 – to veto any proposal, including cases of mass atrocity. Existential threats now facing the planet – climate change, nuclear war, autonomous artificial intelligence, to name several – have brought the world to a critical juncture where the future looks very uncertain. 

Arguing that we cannot go on as we are and in support of the UN Secretary-General’s proposed rescue of the UN-2030 SDGs,  the author calls for a United Nations and international University Community global forum or summit to consider ‘the kind of future we are heading toward and the future we want’  – The Editors

PEAH readers are invited to comment on the article generally and the recommendation in particular 


In close alignment, find information on a forthcoming global forum focusing on operationalising One Health that might be of interest to PEAH followers.   Supported by over 50 strategic partners, the forum  is entitled One Sustainable Health for all 2023 (Global Forum on Inclusive and Adaptive Systems for Health) and will take place in Lyon, France , 5-7 July, 2023.

PEAH is pleased to say that the organisers have included the international One Hope for One Planet Education initiative (1 HOPE) to contribute to a panel discussion (Plenary 1-July 5 PM) on the theme ‘From One Health and Planetary Health to an operational One Sustainable Health Approach.’ Other organisations represented on the panel will be the Pasteur Institute, Finland government, African Climate Foundation, Congolese Foundation for Medical Research and Friedrich-Alexander -Universitat/Germany